Perhaps so called ‘small people’ exist in all parts of the world.
In Taiwan, they are known as ‘mo-sin-a’ (魔神仔) or 'small devil kids', in Southern China, they are known as 'small mountain' (小山).
Sichuan (四川) folks think that these small people not only they can cause disasters to ordinary folks, they can also help them to do their magical biddings. However, these 'small mountain' people are very narrow minded for even when the human beings are not talking about them, they may be offended and decided to punish unwary folks even though these small people are only about 1 foot tall.
Taiwanese folks believe that small people don’t normally harm people but they will play pranks on the unwary folks especially the old and the children. Their most favourite trick is to make a person lost his/her ways and that this person keeps on walking round and round in an area. Even though rescue teams passing through this person for several times, no one would discover him/her not until the small people had enough with him/her; or the small people’s spell is broken by a magician etc.
Unlike ghosts, these Taiwanese small people are not afraid of the sunlight. Although these small creatures do not cause harm, they would push mud and cow dung into the mouth of the lost ones which may cause the person to suffocate.
As with the counterpart in Sichuan, China, the Taiwanese small people are normally small, look like kids but their movements are extremely fast. But in some places, people would think small people are actually very tall lady with extremely fair complexion.
The Hakka (客家) calls these small people ‘small hairy gods’ (毛神仔).
Punung folks (布农) think these small people are actually a type of small black ghost.
The Amei tribe (阿美族) who stay near sea believe the small people can walk on sea, while the Amei tribe that stay in hillside say that the small people can fly on tree tops. Both of Amei tribes pointed out that these small people are indeed small black people with powerful magical power.
Minnan (闽南) folks call these small people mountain gods (芒神) and they believe that these mountain gods looks like monkeys with only few hairs.
Yet there are other folks believe that small people are in fact spirits of kids who wears red hats.
In other part of the world, they are otherwise known as leprechauns. Otherwise they sound like ‘tomte’ in Scandinavian countries: