Below are some of the well known spirits in Javanese culture:
Friday, June 29, 2012
The Spiritual World Of Kejawen
It is a fact that many people interested in examining the world of spirits. Perhaps from some of the stories they hear or read or from books. For people who have acquired true knowledge in Kejawen or probably already mastered the metaphysics, the spiritual world is no nonsense. Below information described the formation of their worlds.
The Javanese believes that more than one world exists, in the land of Java. Many beliefs have the opinion that our universe is actually occupied by seven types of ecosystems, including the world occupied by humans. In principle, each of the seven worlds is dwelled by different inhabitants and the seven worlds are mutually exclusive.
Out of the seven worlds, only the human world has the service of sun and inhabitants with physical bodies. All the dwellers of the rest of the six worlds have body of light or they are known as spirits, “wong alus” or the unseen creatures. These six worlds do not have bright days as the human world has; they are lit by moon and star light.
It is said that there are two types of spiritual world:
1. The native spirits: those are created as spirit. These native spirits live in their own world with individual societies, there are fine souls with such a high position of the Kings, queens, ministers, etc., but there are also other ranks such as soldiers, officers, employees, etc.
2. The human spirits with good and bad characters, cleaver and not so cleaver ones.
Life of Merkayangan is almost the same as life in the human world, but not with a bright light like the sun. In the world of merkayangan, they smoke, cigarettes are the same as the human world, to pay the same money, taking the same kinds of clothing, there are a lot of the same types of cars in the streets, and there are many factories in the world just like humans. The odd thing is, they have more sophisticated technology than human, more cities there are modern skyscrapers, and planes etc. are ultra modern.
There are also mystical things in Merkayangan world, sometimes when there needs to be also human who were invited by them, among others, to: carry out puppet show, attended the marriage ceremony, working in batik, tobacco and men who have done work in the world, they were money paid by a valid and enforceable as currency in the human world.
B. Jin-Demon (Siluman)
This delicate creature supposedly liked to live in areas of water such as lakes, seas, oceans, etc., the phantom society is set up like an ancient society. They have a King, Queen, Aristocrat Group, Kingdom of Employees, helpers, children, slaves etc. They can stay in the palace, noble houses. The buildings are old-fashioned. If people to Yogyakarta or Solo-Central Java, one would hear stories about some stealth, among others: Kanjeng Queen of South - Queen of the South Sea, the legendary Queen, powerful and very beautiful, who lived in her palace at South Sea, with the gates at Parangkusumo. Parangkusumo is known as a meeting place between Panembahan Senopati and Kanjeng Queen of South. In the meeting, Kanjeng Queen of South pledged to protect all the kings and kingdoms Mataram. She has a meek maid who is faithful and powerful Nyai Roro Kidul.
The south sea kingdom is spread out on the South Coast of Java Island. In some places, a duke is assigned to watch over the area. Like any of the ancient kingdom, the kingdom of the southern ocean also carries out a variety of ceremonies; rituals etc and they also have a strong army.
Let us look at the below example:
Sarpo Bongso-Penguasa Rawa Pening.
There is a large lake located near the town of Magelang and Ambarawa Semarang. Sarpo Bongso is the native spirit, who has lived in the lake for a very long time together with the inhabitants of the old stealth class. While Kanjeng Queen of South is not a native phantom. A few centuries ago she was a royal princess in Java, but her maid Nyai Roro Kidul is the original stealth since a few thousands of years ago.
They live in ancient houses in the old-style aristocratic society, almost equal to the siluman but they were live in mountains areas and places where the climate is hot. People usually call Merak Jim or Peacock Jim.
Demit reside in mountainous areas where the green foliage are thick and where the climate is cooler, the houses were simple shape made of wood and bamboo, they are human with smaller physique.
Besides the people who already in order such as Merkayangan, Demon, Kajiman, and Demit, there are two more classes worth to mention in brief as those people are honest, pure and wise.
Besides the seven kinds of permanent nature, there is a line that stuck, where the spirits of evil men who suffer because of mistakes they have done in the past, when they live as human beings. That flawed human beings must be punished for the mistakes he did, punishment that can be lived in while he was alive in the world or worse in time after life (afterlife) is received by people who already do: defamation, dishonest, prewangan (who provides his body to be medium by subtle beings) blakmagic, charms that make others suffering, illness or death, etc., pengasihan so loved by others with caracara that is not fair, killing people etc. contemptible act. Worshiping idols to become rich (pesugihan); meaning of an idol in the Javanese not a stone sculptures. There are nine kinds of spirits helpful to get rich with an abundance of wealth.
The cult of nine evil creatures is a fatal error, when they are viewed with the naked eye looks like:
1. Jaran Penoreh – a horse whose head turn round
2. Srengara Nyarap – dog bite
3. Bulus Jimbung – a large struck
4. Kandang Bubrah – a broken cage
5.Umbel Molor – dipping snot
6. Kutuk Lamur – a type of blurred fish
7.Gemak Melung – a sort of chirping bird
8. Codot Ngising – defecate bat
9. Bajul Putih – white alligator
For those who have done wrong with the way worship or use "Good services" over the idols, they would be punished after death. Their bodies and souls will be punished by the requirements of Paraning Dumadi (coming from the holy, live a holy life; and return to the holy). The only way out is to the God Almighty, always do good deed and avoid the bad.