I personally classified the magic from these mountain ranges as "highland magic", the characteristics of these type of magic are:
- Using magic dagger, phurpa or spear to drive spirits.
- Worship of mountain and natural spirits.
- Influence by local believes, Bon, Shamanism, Hinduism and Buddhism.
While the magic of Java and Bali: Kejawen and Balinese magic are mainly related to water elements, they are "sea magic":
- Worship of sea spirits: Queen of the South Sea, North Sea and the like in Kejawen.
- The practice of magic normally in the water: sea, lake or river a like.
- Wroship of water spirits.
- Influence by local believes, Shamanism, Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism.
Mixing in between the highland and sea, is the lowland magic, places such as Southern India and China, Cambodia, Central Thai, West Malaysia Peninsula, Sumatra etc. The characteristics of "lowland magic":
- Practices mediumships with new age believes.
- Ghost worship is extremely common.
- More hype than truth: powerful leklai, powerful curses and the like.
- Influence by Islam, Christianity/Catholic, Taoism, Buddhism and Hinduism.
Finally, the Dayak magic of Borneo is an independent system altogether. And not forgetting that the Arabic Magic where the modern Western Magic has its root; is also another big topic to explore.
And that was my magic tour.
This is my conclusion about magic practices: