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Thursday, November 15, 2012
Leak, Bali Black Magic & Shape Shift
After receiving some inputs on Deva Yakong, I dicided to carry out further examination if Deva Yakong really has a place
in Balinese black arts or otherwise.
Black magic in Bali also knows as “Ilmu Pengelekan” belongs
to “Aji Wegig”: Where “aji” means “science” and “Ngiwa” means left-hand path.
The knowledge of leak can be learnt through palm leaves records, or locally
known as “lontar”.
There are 4 types of black magic palm leave rituals or if
you will, the knowledge of leak:
1. Lontar Cambraberag.
2. Lontar Sampian Emas
3. Lontar Tanting Emas
4. Lontar Jung Biru.
Leak is a very special phenomenon in Bali. This is a good
topic to gossip about, and this is also a topic of accusations: So-and-so can
become nge-leak; or I dadong (grandmother) of so-and-so sick because of leak.
Seems like the image of leak already deep rooted in the minds of the locals.
The question is … where is Deva Yakong?
The origin and philosophy
The origin of leak can be traced to as an inner spiritual
ritual called ‘tapa’ or ‘asceticism’; as the metaphor of fire hence the ‘strength’.
As to whether this ‘strength’ is used to burn our ego in order to achieve self
awareness or on the contrary; it is used for the indulgence of burning the
subjects we hated most. Again, this ‘tapa’ resembles fire or energy of extreme
heat. Those people who keep lust or negative emotion in such a way that when
they are blown up in certain ways would emit fire of ‘tapas’. Although we say
that they are on a deviated path.
Starting from this principle, Calon Arang (Randa Dirah) who
was a central figure in the world of Bali leak transformation believed to have
carried out the practice of "tapa hatred" and turned him into what is
called LEAK. It was said that Calon Arang has the ability to control his hatred
and revenge until the production of fire. This is the reason why leak knowledge
from Calon Arang basically sees manifestations of flame (ngendih). And
certainly, the fire emitted by a leak cannot harm those who also possess fire
of similar type and spiritual fire of better quality. Because of that, Mpu
Bharadah, Mpu Bahula or Raja Airlangga (Mpu Jatayu) who represented the “spiritual
fire” cannot be attacked by the hatred fire from Rondo Dirah. This also the reason why goddess Durga's only allowed Walu
Nateng Dirah to spread his power to the "periphery" of the
"royal capital" of Airlangga. The “periphery” refers to the “worldly”
people, people who are affected by materials, power and money. On the other
hand, “royal capital” refers to the persons who have achieved self awareness or
those who are following spiritual path.
Whatever the case is, the “spiritual fire” is more superior to
the “hatred fire”. Dewi Durga (Bhairavi) is a manifestation of “hatred fire”.
As long as hatred exists and revenge is seek, and all the factors when combined
to cause destruction, then “leak” continue to exist theoretically speaking.
Calon Arang was only the originator of the subject matter that
represented a perfact sense of dissatisfaction. The Queen of the Raja
Dirah together with her daughter, Princess Ratna Mengali was dumped like garbage
to the edge of the kingdom. She had to endure the embarrassing title of widow
(rondo). So days and nights the queen kept the fire of hatred towards everyone.
She has only one purpose; to seek revenge by releasing here uncontrollable hatred
energy. This awful destructive energy of awareness is called “Dewi Durga”
(did-aghni, tapas fire). This type of fire when added a little “seasoning” from the
tantric teaching, becomes the raw material for spreading calamity in the life
process called “desti”, witchcraft or teranjana.
Mechanical processing of fire tapa "left hand
path" such as that of the Rondo Dirah version was much discussed in the
tantric teachings of wamamarga. One example is pewisik received by Calon Arang
in order to successfully change the shape (malin rupa) as follows:
Iki tingkahe mangda
dadi binarupa,katon dening wong sabumi; iki pradatanya,away hima hima ring
payogan.Sane metu ring sarira gnahnya mider bwana,lwirnya :
purwa,ika dadi lembu
Usus agung dadi
warak,kelod kawuh unggwanya
Ungsilane dadi nagha
garuda kaja kangin unggwanya
dadi kala mretyu,ring madya unggwanya
Unfortunately, some people always blame
Randa Dirah as the culprit of Aji Ugig (leak), while many people are also
unknowingly practicing a kind of asceticism as practiced by Randa Dirah. Many
people say that they are afraid of leak, but they are also followers of Calon
Arang... They "quietly" go
to temple or sacred place, tomb of "powerful guru" and so on, not to
worship Hyang (adore, glorify and thank presented to Hyang Widhi) but to pray
for worldly needs. If they think of worldly things again and again until non
sleep, no doubt they are faithful followers of Calon Arang aka "leak leak
tie" (read: leak matah). So why should they be afraid and pick on Randa
Dirah and his leaks? Indeed, there is nothing to fear but fear itself.
Come back to my original question: where is Dewa Yakong?